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The construction of emergency logistics is urgent

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The construction of emergency logistics is urgent

Date of release:2019-03-18 Author: Click:

With the frequent occurrence of natural disasters, accidents, public health incidents and social security incidents, China's ability to deal with emergencies is facing unprecedented challenges. It is urgent to accelerate the establishment of a sound emergency response system and continuously improve the ability to respond. As an important support and one of the "restricting factors" of the emergency system, emergency logistics urgently needs comprehensive construction and vigorous development.

There are five deficiencies in the construction of emergency logistics infrastructure:

In recent years, under the joint efforts of governments at all levels and the social from all walks of life, the effective treatment of the SARS outbreak in 2003, 2008 low temperature rain and snow freeze disaster and wenchuan earthquake in 2010, zhouqu mud-rock flow, and a series of major workplace emergencies, in the process of response to emergency logistics to safeguard people's lives and property security, maintaining social stability, enhance the ruling ability played an irreplaceable role. However, to some extent, prominent problems such as "chaotic" organization, "slow response", "lack of resources" and "weak capacity" have also been exposed. The reason is that the emergency logistics infrastructure is insufficient. It is mainly reflected in five aspects:

First, the operational system and mechanism is not sound. Emergency logistics involves many departments, in various fields, need strong unified command scheduling, however, because there is no clear lead the department of emergency logistics, every time they respond to emergencies is temporary specify more, thus, usually lack of coordination between various departments which not only affects the collaborative construction at ordinary times, understanding is unfavorable to emergency situations.

Second, logistics facilities emergency support capacity is not strong. The emergency response capacity of transport corridors is generally weak, the resistance to damage and connectivity of highways is weak, the number of regional airports is insufficient, the navigation capacity is poor, and the bottleneck of railway transport in major trunk lines or key sections is prominent. The construction of emergency storage and transfer facilities lags behind, and the capacity of emergency support is not strong. Therefore, it is impossible to classify and pack the emergency materials, set up labels and pack them into containers as required.

Third, emergency logistics technology and equipment are relatively backward. Heavy duty, amphibious and other special emergency logistics transport equipment and all terrain, field, high-speed handling machinery and equipment equipped with inadequate; Relatively low technical level in emergency materials allocation, packaging and labeling; The application of advanced technologies such as radio frequency identification, satellite positioning and navigation in emergency logistics is insufficient.

Fourth, the lack of unified and coordinated emergency supplies reserve. There is a lack of systematic optimization and overall arrangement of emergency supplies reserve. All departments and industries have their own systems, and there is a lack of unified organization, leadership and planning and management. The layout of storage points is not reasonable, and resource information cannot be Shared.

Fifth, the construction of emergency logistics team lags behind. The contingent of emergency logistics enterprises with unified command and dispatch has not yet been established, and the emergency logistics force lacks the necessary legal guarantee and plan support, as well as the economic compensation mechanism to encourage and guide the active participation of logistics enterprises. The integration of emergency logistics expert resources is not enough, and there is no resultant force in assisting decision-making and expert consultation. There is insufficient research on the use of volunteer force, insufficient supporting support and effective docking measures, and lack of effective emergency training mechanism and integrated call plan.

Emergency logistics construction has attracted much attention:

After the freezing rain and snow disaster in southern China in 2008 and the wenchuan earthquake, emergency logistics has attracted extensive attention from all walks of life, especially from governments at all levels.

In March 2009, the notice of the state council on the issuance of the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the logistics industry listed "emergency logistics" in the nine major projects and seven special plans, indicating that emergency logistics has been included in the national strategic decision-making; In March 2011, the ministry of commerce and others put forward the requirements of "improving the operation mechanism of emergency logistics" in the "special plan for the development of commercial logistics" and defined the related construction tasks. In October 2014, the notice of the state council on the issuance of medium - and long-term planning for logistics development (2014-2020) listed "emergency logistics" as one of the 12 key projects. In December 2014, the opinions of the general office of the state council on accelerating the development of the emergency industry listed emergency logistics as one of the key directions of "emergency services". In December 2014, the notice of the national development and reform commission on the issuance of the three-year action plan for promoting the development of logistics industry (2014-2016) listed "improving the emergency logistics system" as an important task to accelerate the construction of key logistics projects.

Emergency logistics construction of the top priority:

The construction of emergency logistics should be carried out step by step in accordance with the principle of "problem-oriented, overall planning and urgent use first".

First, focus on improving the emergency logistics system and mechanism. To clarify the leading departments of emergency logistics of governments at all levels, standardize the responsibilities and tasks of emergency logistics management, and establish and improve the emergency logistics management system that combines hierarchical responsibility, territorial management and layer-based management. We will explore ways to establish a coordinated and interconnected mechanism for emergency logistics, and standardize related activities such as the overall planning of emergency logistics, special conferences, information sharing, management training, mobilization and mobilization, and coordination of emergency logistics. Build an emergency logistics information platform, optimize the information process, business process and management process, and realize the sharing of relevant information.

Second, speed up the construction of emergency logistics network system. According to "global coverage, timely, efficient, complementary advantages, moderate redundancy" principle, according to the "service at ordinary times, urgent when emergency" requirements, focus on the emergency supplies temporary financing, such as warehousing, distribution and transfer function, by integrating the existing, appropriate modification, click new, to construct a system of classification of deployment, form a complete set of emergency logistics node system, covering the whole domain. At the same time, through overall planning, strengthening and strengthening, implementing emergency requirements, integrating existing logistics channels, developing and equipping emergency transport equipment and equipment, strengthening all-weather operation ability training of emergency logistics, and building an emergency logistics channel system combining aviation, railway and highway.

Third, speed up the construction of emergency logistics professional team. Through the evaluation and certification and the necessary emergency capacity building, build a relatively stable emergency logistics backbone enterprise team, to ensure that in the event of an emergency response, rapid conversion; We will further strengthen the building of the contingent of emergency support for highways, railways and aviation, and improve the ability to secure and maintain roads and trunk lines for transport in case of emergency. Establish a team of experts for emergency logistics decision making, and provide auxiliary decision-making and intellectual support for emergency logistics command, scheduling and operation management; We will explore the establishment of a volunteer registration system with logistics practitioners as the main body, strengthen the training of volunteers in emergency logistics business skills, and establish a contingent of volunteers in emergency logistics.

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